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ITK and its perk in CCA and DRR

by Sujan Adhikari | 20-08-2016 23:51 recommendations 0

The indigenous local populations of Nepal possess rich and diverse traditional knowledge, technologies and practices that are increasingly being used to design.

CCA (Climate Change Adaptation) and DRR (Disaster Risk Reduction)-related solutions. Indigenous population esp. residing in remote communities uses traditional knowledge to mitigate both climatic and non-climatic changes.


Maplecroft ranked Nepal the 4th most vulnerable countries in the world – a British organization based on its growing vulnerability to climate change impacts (2011 A.D). So these indigenous knowledge provide a basic framework to mitigate and adapt climate change in both remote and urban areas (if used based on science).


Indigenous and local practices (ILP) are the result of the application of culture, context, and location-specific knowledge to solve local problems. These practices have evolved through the use of ILK generated over hundreds of years and are locally tailored, cost-effective and community-owned.


If future generation can be left with legacy of these indigenous traditional practices, loopholes of modern practices can be minimized.


  1. Water Resources Management:


Irrigation and drinking water systems is the area where Nepali ITK of water management focuses on.


One typical example is devise cut from tree trunk called ?Sancho? installed in an irrigation canal for distributing water to smaller canal that serve farming plots. Farmers also used bushes, wood, mud and stones as ?Sancho?. These are common in Tharu tribes in Nepal esp. in Chitwan area.


The other local water management examples are ?Dhunge dharas? and ?Paani Pandheros? that tap natural springs for meeting drinking needs. Dhunge-dharas (stone spouts) some of which date back Licchavi era (500 CE) met drinking water needs of resident of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur. These are found in Newari community of Nepal.



    2. Rural Transport System

These transport management are eco-friendly and seems scientific which are built and developed hundred of years ago.


Traditional knowledge and skills have also been used to construct goreto and ghoreto (trails for people and animals respectively) in rural areas and to maintain slope stability through a calculated width and height of steps. Traditionally built trail bridges and tuin (a sort of ropeway over deep, fast flowing rivers), despite the risk they pose, are exemplary evidence of how indigenous technology evolved to enable people to cross rivers.


      3.Forest and pasture management

There are many tribes they were completely dependent on forest products in past and still ?Raute Tribe? is one adopting forest life. Their idea, knowledge, practices is what created community forest system approved scientifically and world famous today.


      4. Settlements and housing

Housing practices are most traditional, climate friendly and scientifically applicable in Nepal. Many studies have shown, Nepali indigenous system of housing are healthy then modern concrete housing.


Nepali villagers grow shrubs and grasses in and around their hill settlements to shore up the soil and protect their homes and community properties from the flash floods and landslides heavy rainfall often triggers. They rarely plant large trees close to their homes for fear of their falling and damaging homes.


In the Chure region farmers plant amriso (bouquet grass) and babiyo (Eulaliopis sp.), species with strong soil-stabilizing properties, to protect settlements from landslides.

Local communities plant bamboo, a species whose spreading root system helps conserve soils in gullies and shady areas to regulate runoff.


Communities also build drywall and biological fences to minimize the effects of floods, landslides, erosion, side cutting, and slope failure and thereby protect settlements. These knowledge are more climate resilient and sustainable.


Source : Mainstreaming Climate Change Risk Management in Development, Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment (MOSTE)



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  • Dormant user Sujan Adhikari
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  • Asmita Gaire says :
    Hello sujan
    I hope you are doing well
    Thank you so much for this report
    Green cheers
    Asmita Gaire
    Posted 12-05-2020 02:23

  • Horticulturist Susmita says :
    Greetings sujan
    I hope you are doing well
    Thank you so much for this report

    Keep writing
    I hope to read more from you
    Green cheers
    Posted 25-03-2020 02:22

  • Basanta Adhikari says :
    Greeting Sujan
    I hope you are doing well
    Nicely written
    Thank you so much for this report.
    Keep writing
    Green cheers!
    Posted 23-03-2020 10:55

  • says :
    Thanks for your story Sujan! Indeed, Nepali traditional(?, i'm not very sure if they were traditional cause i was new to Nepal) wooden housing I saw while trekking made me so much peaceful, out from the bustling city areas. Thanks for sharing the traditional knowledge and customs of Nepal!
    Posted 24-08-2016 17:37

  • Arushi Madan says :
    @Jared :Even if we stopped emitting all greenhouse gases today, global warming and climate change will continue to affect future generations. Because we are already committed to some level of climate change, responding to climate change involves a two-pronged approach: Reducing emissions of and stabilizing the levels of heat-trapping greenhouse gases in the atmosphere (“mitigation”) Adapting to the climate change already in the pipeline (“adaptation”)..
    @Sujan : Thanks for sharing various mitigation strategies by indigenous population and remote communities.
    Posted 21-08-2016 05:11

  • says :
    We should mitigate and adapt - both are important. Very informative report
    Posted 21-08-2016 04:31

  • jared obure says :
    its good but I haven't understood why we should try to adapt to climate change instead of conserving it.How can we for example adapt to 50 degree Celsius temperature
    Posted 21-08-2016 00:03

  • jared obure says :
    its good but I haven't understood why we should try to adapt to climate change instead of conserving it.
    Posted 21-08-2016 00:02

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